My view is that Perl gives you a very direct link into the mind of the programmer – much more so than other languages. Perl is designed very much like a spoken language, perhaps because Larry Wall‘s background is linguistics.
There was a little girl
Who had a little curl
Right in the middle of her forehead.
And when she was good,
She was very, very, good;
But when she was bad
She was horrid.
— Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
(In an English accent, “forehead” and “horrid” actually rhyme.)
Two examples of my own Perl to illustrate my point. This is in my email signature:
perl -e "print join er,reverse',','l hack',' P','Just anoth'"
And this little seasonal gem:
The latter kind of Perl I like to call “good Perl”. It’s easy to read, I think. There are a couple of idioms that take getting used to, just like with any new language, but well-written Perl is (I think) easier to read than any other language.
But flexibility has its dark sides as well. Black Perl is the canonical example, but there are others such as Perl golf. This kind of thing (the first sample above is an example) is responsible for at least part of Perl’s reputation for opacity; its compatibility with shell scripting, and most particularly its embedded regular expression support, is responsible for much of the rest.
Exercise: duplicate the output of the second sample above using as short a Perl program as possible.
EDIT 2020-10-22: moved Good Perl example into GitHub